Can ( ability ) : - Ebil + tense + personal suffix
Cannot : - A + me / ma + tense + personal suffix
Can ( permission ) : - Ebil + ir + mi + personal suffix ?
Can / May / Might : Ebilmek
Have to : V + mE + Possessive suffix + LAZIM
Past Continuous : When the police arrived, a woman was making a phone call.
When : When the phone rang, he answered it.
- ( y ) ince
While : While he was taking a shower, the phone rang.
V + R + kEn
by V-ing : - ErEk
If - remote possibility : V-sE + personal suffix as in past tense
If : V + tense + sE + pesonal suffix as in past tense
Unless : -mE + dikçe
Whether ( or not ) : V + ip / V + mE + dik + poss. + ( N ) + I + main verb
As soon as : V + R .............. V + mEz
both....and : ( hem...hem de )
neither ....nor : ( ne....ne de )
either....or : ( ya...ya da )
who, which, that : - DE +ki
- Dik + Possessive suffix +
Willingness, Wish, Offer : ( Let me ) = ( - Eyim ) -- Let me answer the phone.
( Let's ) = ( - Elim ) -- Let's go to the cinema.
( Let him ) = ( - sin ) -- Let him sing a song.
( Shall I ? ) = ( - Eyim mi ? ) -- Shall I carry it for you.
( Shall we ? ) = ( Elim mi ? ) -- Shall we go to the cinema?
Request, Offer : ( Will you open the window ) = ( V + R-ir-Er + misin / misiniz ? )
Imperatives, Orders : ( Open the window ! ) = V
V + in
V + iniz
Negative Order : V + mE
Order to the third person : V + sin
AFTER the rain stopped : ( - diktEn sonra )
BEFORE entering the mosque : ( - mEdEn önce )
without + V-ing : mEdEn
since, for : - dEn beri
for : - dir