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Can ( ability )  : - Ebil + tense + personal suffix

Cannot            : - A + me / ma + tense + personal suffix

Can ( permission )  : - Ebil + ir + mi + personal suffix ?

Can / May / Might :   Ebilmek

Have to : V + mE + Possessive suffix + LAZIM

                                                                         GEREK

                                                                         ŞART

Past Continuous : When the police arrived, a woman was making a phone call.

 

When :     When the phone rang, he answered it.

                   - ( y ) ince

While    While he was taking a shower, the phone rang.

                    V + R + kEn

                          iR

                          Er

 

by V-ing :  - ErEk

 

If - remote possibility :  V-sE + personal suffix as in past tense

If  :  V + tense + sE + pesonal suffix as in past tense

Unless :  -mE + dikçe

Whether ( or not ) :  V + ip / V + mE + dik + poss. + ( N ) + I + main verb

As soon as : V + R  .............. V + mEz

                                iR

                                ER

 

both....and : ( hem...hem de )

neither ....nor  : ( ne....ne de )

either....or : ( ya...ya da )

 

who, which, that :  - DE +ki

                                    - En

                                    - Dik + Possessive suffix +

                                    - EcEk

                                    - mIş

Willingness, Wish, Offer  : ( Let me ) = (  - Eyim ) -- Let me answer the phone.

                                                  ( Let's ) = ( - Elim ) -- Let's go to the cinema.

                                                  ( Let him ) = ( - sin ) -- Let him sing a song.

                                                  ( Shall I ? ) = ( - Eyim mi ? ) -- Shall I carry it for you.

                                                  ( Shall we ? ) = ( Elim mi ? ) -- Shall we go to the cinema?

Request, Offer :  ( Will you open the window ) = ( V + R-ir-Er + misin / misiniz ? )

Imperatives, Orders : ( Open the window ! ) =  V

                                                                                         V + in

                                                                                          V + iniz

Negative Order : V + mE

Order to the third person : V + sin

AFTER the rain stopped :  ( - diktEn sonra )

BEFORE entering the mosque : ( - mEdEn önce )

 

without + V-ing : mEdEn

 

since, for : - dEn beri

for             : - dir